Artefacts and material culture
Marmora Phrigiae -Interdisciplinary methodologies for study and conservation
Purpose: the project concerns the city and territory of Hierapolis in Phrygia (Turkey) and derives its strength from the integration of numerous different specialisms (archaeology, historical topography, history of art, architecture, geology, geochemistry, geophysics, computer science, Roman law).
The project addresses various problems surrounding the study of ancient quarries: the provenance of ornamental stones, with the object of proposing historical reconstructions of the economical and social dynamics of trade; the economics of ancient quarries (aspects of planning and execution, calculations of time, cost and labour, issues of law and contracts).
With respect to existing studies on the supply of building materials under the Roman and Byzantine empires, which have been focussed essentially on imported materials, the project is examining the topic systematically, examining the materials of local origin, those which have been imported and the phenomenon of the exportation of prized building-stone from Hierapolis.
Geographical area of application: Turkey
CONTEXT - Material culture, archaeological contexts and cultural landscapes of the Mediterranean
Purpose: this project derives from the need to study material culture, from production to the distribution, use and discard of artefacts, though a contextual approach which incorporates the study and analysis of archaeological sites, buildings and landscapes. The research, linked to ethnoarchaeological and anthropological studies and to the analysis of social, cultural, economic and ideological contexts, provides keys to the understanding and reconstruction of past societies.
The application of archaeometric methods permits the acquisition of fundamental data on the material characterization of an artefact, and the development of strategies for its conservation and restoration. In parallel, the development of methodologies and practices for monitoring (remote sensing, 3D, GIS, etc.) and management enables the construction of models for the sustainable development and integrated enjoyment of the cultural heritage in its landscape. The (spatial and temporal) field of study includes the whole Mediterranean basin, from prehistoric times until the Middle Ages.
Geographical area of application: Mediterranean
Monitoring and recording of landslip occurrences in Basilicata with a view to the protection and conservation of the landscape, of the settlements and of the cultural heritage, in relation to the present and future climate
Purpose: in collaboration with the Institute of Atmospheric Pollution Research of the CNR, to create a temperature/rainfall database for Lucania, analysing in detail the Lucanian climate during the period from 1951 to 2010 and developing local climatic scenarios for five sites, representative of the climatic zones of Lucania, up to 2100.
The study is planned to proceed in two distinct phases, the first covering 2008–10 and the second 2011–14, with the primary objective of completing the recording of landslip events throughout the region, and then of designing models of climate forecasting for extreme events, in relation to the landslip vulnerability of Basilicata.
Geographical area of application: Basilicata