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Diagnostics and conservation

Diagnostica Conservazione

LIEMP: Laboratory for energy efficiency in the management of historic monuments
(NETWORK OF PUBLIC RESEARCH LABORATORIES)

Purpose: the organization of a modern, efficient and functional laboratory for the study and characterisation of artificial and natural stones used in historic buildings in Puglia and the Mediterranean. The cultural heritage of this area is represented by constructions of great value, but executed in materials that are soft and porous and of low durability and which present great challenges with regard to their conservation. Fortunately, conservation studies of the last few years have made significant advances in the control of degradation processes, proposing technical interventions which show full respect for heritage character. Currently, many examples of historical and monumental buildings are involved in restoration projects which envisage radical changes to their original purposes, creating problems of compatibility of various kinds, including that of energy efficiency.

In the light of these requirements, the creation of a laboratory dedicated to the characterization of materials is seen as an essential component of a network which will be able to provide answers in the context of communal and monumental buildings.

Geographical area of application: Puglia – Mediterranean

Further information:
Giovanni Quarta
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Mitigation and monitoring of geological risks, in relation to resilient settlements and the care of cultural heritage and landscape in southern Italy and the Mediterranean area

Purpose: the project falls within the broader themes of regional and national interest in the safeguarding of the territory and preservation of cultural heritage (monumental, archaeological, historical landscape) through the study of transformation of landscape by natural or man-made agency, of the impact of catastrophic events – such as landslides, floods and earthquakes – on the built environment and of the capacity for adaptation (resilience) of settlements across time in response to such calamities. The interest in the impact of natural disasters, and in particular of extreme disasters, on cultural heritage derives from the need to minimize the effects of catastrophe through a global vision, which takes account of how the protection of heritage cannot be separated from the recognition of its intimate association with its landscape environment.

Geographical area of application: Mediterranean basin

Further information:
Maurizio Lazzari
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Analysis of seismic response of the terrain in the Comune of Cerreto Sannitica with particular reference to the historic centre: implications and care of the built heritage

Purpose: to analyse the local seismic risk and to define parameters of interest, both with regard to better seismic protection of the existing built heritage and to its future implementation. A further aim is to identify priorities in the static structural consolidation of these buildings.

Geographical area of application: Campania

Further information:
Fabrizio Terenzio Gizzi
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Archaeometry of the archaeological and industrial built heritage

Purpose: archaeometric research is a central component in the recording and presentation of the built heritage. This activity embraces a notable variety of themes and materials, distributed across extended spaces and periods of time, which necessarily call for multi/interdisciplinary approaches. The research envisages the acquisition of historical, constructional and material data on the archaeological, architectural and industrial built heritage, through bibliographic and archival research, survey, restoration and representation, analysis of the context, of the structures, of the constituent materials and of the state of preservation. The project envisages, in particular:

- the identification of the sources and circulation of marbles used in antiquity;
- the characterization of organic residues inside pottery vessels;
- the study of coatings of objects of archaeological and art-historical interest, such as mortars, pigments and treatments, with the aim of defining their typology and method of application.

The archaeometric data may contribute to a database on a web-platform.

Further information:
Giovanni Quarta
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PRO_CULT: Advanced methodological approaches and technologies for PROtection and security of CULTural Heritage

Purpose: to construct, in the context of innovation for the security and protection of cultural heritage, an economy of knowledge through the development of ICT-based diagnostics and working practices for various purposes, such as:

- the monitoring of risks and critical conditions pertaining to post-disaster emergencies, with particular reference to portable artistic heritage;
- the analysis and evaluation of man-made risks to archaeological heritage;
- the evaluation of seismic risk affecting built heritage of historical interest;
- the intelligent monitoring of physical degradation in historic monuments and the putting in place of strategies for preservative interventions and safeguarding on an urban scale;
- ‘smart participation’ for the safeguarding of cultural heritage.

Further information:
Nicola Masini
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CLENETECH – New technologies applied to the improvement of estimation, analysis and management of local climatic variables, for application in the sector of renewable energy and energy efficiency in the built heritage

Purpose: accurate knowledge of climatic variables on the local scale (temperature, humidity, sunlight, wind, rain etc.) is obviously of prime importance, both in the planning and management of renewable resources on site and in the implementation of more accurate strategies for energy efficiency in the built heritage, in accordance with a genuinely bioclimatic approach. In the light of this, the use of advanced instrumentation based on satellite metering to study the variable availability of renewable energy resources (of their nature discontinuous and not subject to control) permits a significant improvement in the management of local energy systems, and in the planning of their most efficient and informed development over time.

Further information:
Edoardo Geraldi
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ITACA Mission

Purpose: the ITACA Mission, financed by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MAE) and the two institutes of the CNR, Istituto per i Beni Archeologici e Monumentali (IBAM) and Istituto di Metodologie per l’Analisi Ambientale (IMAA), began its own researches in Peru in 2007. The ceremonial centre of Cahuachi and the basin of the Rio Nazca have been the principal area of investigation of the Mission. Through the years, its aims and activities have expanded, extending beyond the initial remit of preventive archaeology to its present methodological and interdisciplinary scope, thanks to which the Mission has broadened the spectrum of its researches to include landscape archaeology, study of the relationship between human presence and the transformation of the environment, the monitoring of risks and diagnostics for conservation.

Furthermore, the ITACA Mission is committed to the continuation of certain projects of the Institute, such as the completion of the cartographic base for archaeological maps of Cahuachi and Pachacamac, campaigns of archeo-geophysical prospection in an area close to the Rio Taruga, close to Nazca and in the historic centre of the city of Cuzco.

Geographical area of application: Peru

Further information:
Nicola Masini
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Geotechnologies for archaeology and the conservation of cultural heritage

Purpose: to develop methodological approaches to archaeology and conservation, through the use of geotechnologies in a holistic vision of the cognitive process. The methodologies and techniques to be used will be remote sensing (from aircraft or satellites) with multi-spectral and hyperspectral LiDAR sensors, aerial observation using drones, geophysical prospection techniques, archaeological survey and spatial analysis. The field of application will be preventive archaeology, landscape archaeology and the diagnosis of pathologies of degradation affecting archaeological and monumental heritage.

Further information:
Nicola Masini
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SOLAR CLOUD

Purpose: to develop a type of dynamic approach which takes into consideration not only statistics but, above all, the pre-operativity of models of monitoring and meteorological models at the highest level of spatial and temporal resolution, which are able more accurately to describe the atmosphere and its changes, even where there is a complex micro-climate.

The downscaling will be based both on satellite sensors with the highest spatial resolution, and on techniques of artificial intelligence, in order to improve the design of the models and the optimization of the output. The programme envisages a service built on a high level of expertise, using the model AMESIS (developed by the CNR and already tested on sites of the WMO), which allows estimation by satellite of the incidence of solar radiation to a highly localized and accurate degree.
AMESIS will be used both to estimate solar radiation in almost real time, to initialize short-term forecasts, and finally to improve the radiation forecasts derived from a meteorological forecasting model.

Further information:
Edoardo Geraldi
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The countrywide management of prevention and emergency response

Purpose: this project arises from the 2015 agreement no. 225 in accordance with art. 15 of the law of 7 August 1990 and art. 6 of the law of 24 February 1992 between DPC and IGAG for the countrywide management of prevention and emergency response when applied to seismic micro-zones. It sets out to identify the urban characteristics which contribute to the establishment of an adequate level of resilience, capable of preventing an extreme natural event from turning locally into a disaster.

The scope of the project, in the medium term, is to identify the physical elements present in the occupied landscape, the protection of which can, after a seismic event, guarantee a return or a new level of wellbeing of the population involved, thus avoiding abandonment of the site. The focus of the research is on the study of the principal literature and scientific documentation, of both national and international import, on the selection of indicators of wellbeing, in order to obtain an informed and up-to-date picture of these studies.

Further information:
Fabrizio Terenzio Gizzi
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SMART BASILICATA

Purpose: to develop a multi-scale and multi-sensor technology for the monitoring of indoor micro-climates and outdoor climates to support decision-making with regard to the material deterioration of porous building materials such as calcarenite.

Geographical area of application: Basilicata

Further information:
Nicola Masini
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ATHENA - Remote Sensing Science Center for Cultural Heritage

Purpose: this project, financed within the pillar “Spreading excellence and broadening participation” of the multi-year European research and innovation programme Horizon 2020, aims to create a Centre of Excellence in remote sensing for archaeology and cultural heritage in Cyprus, with the help of two institutes of research and technological development in Italy and Germany, being the CNR and the German Aerospace Centre (DLR).

Geographical area of application: Cyprus

Further information:
Nicola Masini
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PROVACI –Technologies for seismic protection and the promotion of complexes of cultural interest

Purpose: to develop methodologies, solutions and innovative technologies for seismic protection, sustainable redevelopment and promotion of sites of historic and archaeological interest. In particular, the project is intended to study and evaluate the correlations between vulnerability on the scale of the locality and the behaviour of individual structures, and between this and the cultural and artistic value of the heritage features (decoration, painting, sculpture, but also architectural and constructional details) which they may incorporate, in order to draw up a procedure for the definition of priorities and modes of intervention. In second place, it is intended to develop methodologies and instrumentation for the appreciation and promotion of complexes of art-historical interest in areas of seismic risk.

Geographical area of application: Sicily

Further information:
Daniele Malfitana
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STRIT – Instrumentsand technologies for the management of risk to transport infrastructures

Purpose: to confront the crucial themes inherent in the evaluation and management of environmental risk to major infrastructures, and to develop methods and advanced technologies for the mitigation and management of this, by means both of passive instruments of intervention (reduction of static vulnerability) and of innovative instrumentation for monitoring and control in real time (for the reduction of vulnerability/exposure).

Geographical area of application: Sicily

Further information:
Daniele Malfitana
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PROMETEOS: Original and sustainable products, methodologies and technologies for diagnosis and conservation of historic buildings

Purpose: to develop and bring into use new procedures, products, methodologies and tools in the field of diagnosis and conservation of historic and cultural heritage.
Activities envisaged are the evaluation of atmospheric and polluting parameters with a view to quantifying risk factors in the conservation of artefacts and analysing the durability of surface treatments with conservation products; the diagnosis of historic and monumental building materials; the refinement of new materials based on the photocatalytic properties of titanium dioxide for the treatment of stone surfaces and the use of lime mortars for renderings; trials of new materials for the cleaning and structural consolidation of masonry buildings; and the conception, evaluation and monitoring of such interventions.

Further information:
Angela Calia
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A.I.TE.CH. – Technologies applied to diagnostics and conservation of the built heritage: innovation in tools, products and procedures

Purpose: the AITECH network (Applied Innovation Technologies for diagnosis and Conservation of built Heritage) has the aim of promoting networks of regional laboratories for innovation and development in Puglia. It thus constitutes a reference point in the sector of technology applied to cultural heritage. The project sets out to apply diagnostic methodologies of investigation on site in case-studies, and in laboratory tests. In particular, the methodologies adopted concern infra-red thermography for the analysis of breakdown of architectural surfaces and the identification of defects of construction in the laying in place of composite materials on wall panels; ground-penetrating radar, tests and sonic and ultra-sonic tomography for the characterization of construction and recording of pathologies of degradation of walls; measures of seismic sound for the calculation of the harmonic susceptibility of macro-elements of walls and the identification of possible resonance problems.

Geographical area of application: Puglia

Further information:
Angela Calia
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Protection, consolidation and cleaning of stonework types characteristic of Puglia

Purpose: to develop and test innovative means of protecting, consolidating and controlled cleaning of the highly porous stone surfaces which are widely found in the region of Puglia in historical, monumental and archaeological contexts. In detail, the first phase of the project concerns the identification of specialized products which can be applied to stonework as protective coatings, consolidants and self-cleaning materials. Particular emphasis is placed on the use of natural and mineral prime materials which are non-corrosive or at least non-toxic or damaging to persons or the environment; the use of innovative systems based on photocatalytic products which can be applied in situ and which through solar radiationprovide self-cleaning, anti-lichen and anti-bacterial properties. A second phase envisages product trials, with a particular focus on the study of composite stone materials.

Geographical area of application: Puglia

Further information:
Angela Calia
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