Joint Archaeological Laboratories
Archaeology and ancient architecture in Tripolis ad Maeandrum (Denizli, Turkey)
The Joint Laboratory “Archaeology and ancient architecture in Tripolis at Maeandrum (Denizli, Turkey)” is aimed to study the architectural heritage of this large city located in southern part of Lydia. Since 2012, the city of Tripolis is the object of systematic excavations, conducted by the University of Pamukkale (Denizli), under the direction of Bahadır Duman. The city stands out for a monumental centre organized around a system of public squares that opened towards the course of the Meander, and were surrounded by porticoes, administrative buildings and warehouses.
The activities of the Joint Laboratory focus on the architectural study of the Monumental Nymphaeum discovered in the 2016 campaign: datable to the middle-imperial age, the Nymphaeum was the object of an impressive anastylosis carried out during the 4th century A.D. The multi-storey façade, in white and polychrome marble, adorned with statues and inscriptions, has been found in a collapsed position inside the basin. Due to its excellent state of conservation, the monument represents an exceptional case study to analyse a large public construction site of imperial era and its late-antique restoration. The reconstructive study and conservation project are two central objectives of the Joint Laboratory. Italian and Turkish archaeologists, restorers, MA students and PhD students participate in the survey and cataloguing of its architectural materials.
Area geografica di applicazione: Turchia
Laboratory of Pre-hispanic Archaeological Science (LaPAS)
The laboratory arises from the need to develop methodologies and technologies to be applied to archaeological research and to diagnostic and geophysical investigations for cultural heritage that the ITACA International Mission, under the direction of Nicola Masini, leads to several countries in South America and, in particular , in Peru since 2007. The spin-off action of the LaPAS laboratory will make it possible to improve the efficiency and operation of earth observation technologies and geospatial analysis methodologies and to highlight the field of support not only for preventive archeology but also for the archeology of Andean landscape, to study the relationship between human presence and dynamics of environmental transformation, risk monitoring and diagnostics for conservation.
The Joint Laboratory sees the participation of the Centro de Estudios Arqueológicos Precolombinos, directed by the archaeologist Giuseppe Orefici, with whom the IBAM, through the Itaca mission, conducts various research on the Nasca culture, among which the studies on the ceremonial architecture, geoglyphs and aqueducts.
Geographical area of application: Nasca (Peru)
Italy-Greece: a joint archaeological laboratory for the study of ceramic production from Crete
One of the most important sites on the island of Crete, in the centuries between the end of the Bronze Age and the Archaic period, is Priniàs, a town where since 1969 a joint Italian Archaeological Mission of the University of Catania and the IBAM- CNR conduct research. Located at the foot of the Psiloritis Mountains (Mount Ida), the site offers the opportunity to study the history of a settlement, from training to abandonment, through a range of complete evidences that includes the settlement, the necropolis and the ceramic workshop, a rare case in the archeology of the island.
Since, for the period in question, the available sources are almost exclusively archaeological, the study of material culture plays a primary role in understanding the profound changes that affected the life of communities in the Iron Age. Of particular importance is the rich documentation offered by the approximately 500 tombs of the Siderospilia necropolis, whose study, still underway, was funded for the first three years (2012-2014) by a grant of the INSTAP (Institute for Aegean Prehistory) obtained from A. Pautasso.
The joint Italy-Greece Archaeological Laboratory establishes a collaboration between the team working within the Italian Archaeological Mission in Prinias and the researchers of the Institute of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology at the National Center for Scientific Research Demokritos for the study of ceramics through an archeometric perspective. In particular, during the Laboratory, petrographic, chemical (NAA) analyzes and analysis of organic residues (GC-MS) will be carried out. The project, based on the analysis of ceramics from the inhabited area, the necropolis and the ceramic workshop, will allow to outline a complete picture of the production, distribution and use of ceramics within a community of the Iron Age.
Geographical area of application: Crete
M.A.T.E.R. Project - Man, Archaeometry, Technology, Environment, Researches
M.A.T.E.R. Project (Man, Archaeometry, Technology, Environment, Researches) aims at exploring, through a multidisciplinary perspective, the prehistoric site at Poliochni, Lemnos island, which can be considered one of the most large Bronze Age settlement of the North Aegean, including Troy, Miletus and Liman Tepe on the Western coastline of Anatolia.
The propose Joint Laboratory, shared with the Department of Material Science of The National Center for Scientific Research ‘Demokritos’ (DMS), Athens, will focus on achieving the most advanced strategies and technologies applied in the field of material cultural (pottery, lithics and bone), of environmental researches (Archaeobotany, Palinology, Geoarchaeology), as well as Carbon Dating (C-14).
Geographical area of application: Greece
Multidisciplinary Laboratory of excavations in the Lykos valley
Purpose: this laboratory, in collaboration with IBAM and the University of Pamukkale in Turkey, is dedicated to the reconstruction of historic landscapes in the Lykos valley (SW Turkey), one of the best-preserved districts in the whole of Anatolia, where, within a small radius, can be found three major ancient cities which developed in a close relationship to one another between the Hellenistic and Byzantine periods: Hierapolis of Phrygia (where IBAM is involved through the Italian Archaeological Mission), Laodicaea-on-the-Lykos and Tripolis-on-the-Maeander (where the Department of Archaeology of the University of Pamukkale is working).
The Joint Archaeological Laboratory, which brings together the skills, instrumentation and methods of research of the two participating institutes, is focussed on the study of the three ancient cities of the Lykos valley and their territories, with an approach which unites archaeology with earth sciences in order to investigate both the exceptionally rich historical and archaeological traces in this district and its specific geological and environmental characteristics.
Geographical area of application: Turkey
R.O.M.A. – Roman baths archaeological, cOnservation and heritage MAnagement
Purpose: to improve understanding, methods and technologies in the field of cultural heritage, with particular emphasis on documentation, analysis and systems of information management, with the aim of providing information to end-users, stakeholders and authorities which work in the field of the study and conservation of cultural heritage. The laboratory’s research is focussed on the Roman baths at the archaeological site of ancient Sagalassos (Aglasun, Turkey). This was the largest public building ever constructed in Sagalassos, and it remained in use for around 500 years, until it was largely destroyed in an earthquake in the seventh century AD.
The Archaeological Laboratory is intended to build a bridge between innovative tools and strategies of information management, in order to improve the assessment and monitoring of decay and the collection of data, thus generating policies for analysis and for the support of management of cultural heritage.
Geographical area of application: Turkey